Maryland  is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. It is characterized by diversity, including both sea and mountain, urban and rural, historic and modern opportunities for the visitor. One of its nicknames is "America in Miniature" because it has a little bit of everything. Maryland is bordered by the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia.
- Annapolis — the quaint state (and one-time national) capital, with strong maritime, naval, and seafood traditions
- Baltimore — Maryland's big city on the Chesapeake, home to the Inner Harbor, a magnificent Aquarium, Camden Yards, lots of history, and vibrant city life
- Bethesda — the urban-upscale hotspot in the D.C. inner suburbs, with over 200 restaurants
- College Park — a vibrant college town just outside the D.C. city limits
- Cumberland — railroad town in the Appalachian Mountains and the C&O Canal terminus
- Frederick — Bustling historic city near Harpers Ferry, famous for antiques and outlets
- Hagerstown — quaint small city at the foot of the Appalachians, famous for its outlets
- Ocean City — very popular seaside resort city on a barrier island, with loads of restaurants and night clubs
- Solomons Island — a small historic town and popular weekend getaway on the Chesapeake at the mouth of the Patuxent River
- Antietam Battlefield — site of the bloodiest single day in American History, at the first battle of the Civil War in the North
- Appalachian Trail — the great Appalachian Trail passes through the Maryland panhandle for a mere 40 miles, but that includes one excellent and easy hike to the ever popular rock-climbing mecca of Annapolis Rock
- Assateague Island National Seashore — a beautiful national park of a barrier island, populated by wild ponies
- Catoctin Mountain Park — a big, rugged National Park centered around Catoctin Mountain, and home to the Presidential retreat of Camp David
- Chesapeake Bay — the Great Shellfish Bay is a whole travel region of its own, offering fishing, crabbing, swimming, boating, sailing, unique island communities, placid bed & breakfasts, and just plain beautiful sunsets
- Deep Creek Lake — Maryland's mountain/lake resort and spa
- Great Falls — the spectacular Great Falls along the Potomac River, plus endless walking/biking trails along the historic Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
- St. Mary's City — Maryland's original colonial capital and one of the very first British settlements in North America
- Patapsco Valley State Park — a big state park with over 32 miles of well-marked trails leading to historic and natural sites of interest, all just a half-hours drive away from Baltimore
The largest and most well known geographic feature of Maryland is the Chesapeake Bay, the world's third largest estuary. At one time it was called the world's protein basket because it produced so much seafood in the form of fish and shellfish, in particular its most famous product, Blue Crabs. Today the bay is a poster child for what happens from overfishing and pollution, but Maryland leads the country in many progressive "Save the Bay" programs to save wetlands, and halt the flow of pollutants from the more than 12 million people who live in its watershed from Pennsylvania to Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay is a magnet for sailing and fishing sports activities.
The state is bounded to the south by the Potomac River, which offers opportunities for boating, and bicycling along the disused Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Trail, leading from Washington, D.C. to Cumberland.
The western part of the state is much more mountainous than the eastern lowlands, and offers hiking along the Appalachian Trail, whitewater recreation in the Youghiogheny River, and historical sites such as Antietam Battlefield, where the events of the bloodiest single day in American history unfolded.
Ocean City offers an economy that caters to the huge seasonal influx of beach-goers. It has an odd charm in the winter, with discounted hotels, deserted beaches and empty restaurants.
Geography and Climate
The state crosses many different geographical zones, from the low, sandy barrier islands of the Atlantic Coast to the fertile, lowlands of the Chesapeake Basin, which rise into the foothills of the Piedmont, and eventually the rugged terrain of the Appalachian Mountains. Maryland has been called "America in Miniature" because of the great difference of landscape one can experience in such a small area.
The climate of Maryland varies as much as its topography. The lower elevation Atlantic Coastal Plain, which surrounds the Chesapeake Bay and includes the major cities of Baltimore, Annapolis, and Salisbury has a mild subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and cool winters with very little snow. As one moves away from the Bay and higher in elevation, the climate becomes more continental, with milder summers and colder winters including the major cities of Hagerstown and Cumberland. In the mountains of the west summers are cool, and winters can be very cold with heavy snows. The mountains protect the eastern half of Maryland from much of the harsh winter weather experienced in the Great Lakes region.
Marylanders, mainly concentrated in and around Baltimore, have a peculiar accent, with which most United States residents are not familiar, and would not be able to identify. Known as the Merlin Dialect, for how "Merlindirs" pronounce the name of their state, consonants seem to lazily disappear and vowels get reduced without warning. Listen for water becoming wooder, and orange as awrange, and you'll realize there really is an accent here. And don't say Maryland like Mary land—you'll sound funny. Nonetheless, the Maryland accent comes from the region that spawned the General American Pronunciation, so despite the regional accent, most Amercuhns don't actively notice the difference.
A more extreme version of the Maryland accent is found around Baltimore and Baltimore County. That is, Bawlmer and Baldimer County. Known as Bawlmorese, it's considered one of the least attractive accents in the U.S., but it sure is interesting. See the Baltimore article for more details.
The Eastern Shore has its fair share of southern accents, but the most interesting are to be found in the isolated island communities of the Chesapeake Bay, where Victoria-era British accents have been near-perfectly preserved! It sounds interesting, but it sure is hard to understand.
Many international and domestic flights arrive into the state's main airport, Baltimore-Washington International (IATA: BWI). Many air travelers to Maryland arrive at Reagan National Airport (IATA: DCA) and Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD), both located in northern Virginia. In addition, regional flights can be booked to Salisbury (IATA: SBY).
Amtrak trains arrive at stations in Aberdeen, Baltimore, BWI, Cumberland, New Carrollton, Rockville, and Salisbury.
Maryland is served by several main Interstate highways, and a number of other routes enter the state. Interstates 68 and 70 are the main east-west interstate highways in the state, and Interstates 81, 83, 95 and 97 are major north-south routes. In addition, US Routes 219, 220, 29, 11, 15, 1, and 13 are major north-south arteries.
- Maryland Transit Authority  for bus, light rail, subway, and MARC commuter train information.
- Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Central Maryland are served by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (METRO) 
Maryland's biggest attractions by way of sightseeing are almost all in Baltimore, centered around the Inner Harbor. Ocean City has its fair share of fun tourist kitsch as well. For more off-the-beaten path sights, look for the National Mormon Temple in Kensington at Christmas time, or visit Cumberland's historic district, nestled in the beautiful Allegheny Mountains.
The big activities here revolve either around sporting events, or outdoor sports. Sports are a big deal in Baltimore, which is a city utterly mad for Baltimore Ravens football—half the businesses in the city deck themselves out in the teams colors. No less important to the city is the Baltimore Orioles baseball team. Sports are just as big a deal on the college scene at the University of Maryland, in College Park, where the Terrapins draw huge crowds from the counties surrounding the school.
Outdoor sports are concentrated in the east and the west of the state, since the middle is overrun by dense suburbia. Boating and crabbing are the big draws on the Chesapeake Bay, and there's beach camping to be done at Assateague Island National Seashore. In the west, there is great trekking opportunities in the Appalachian Mountains—Appalachian Trail or otherwise. On the trail in Maryland, is a huge rock climbing draw at Annapolis Rock. The big state parks, like Catoctin Mountain Park and Patapsco Valley State Park, also have loads of really nice woodland hiking trails.
Other more eccentric local activities include:
- Duckpin bowling Maryland is one of the few remaining places to experience this dying sport. With smaller bowling balls, funny-shaped pins and three throws per frame, duckpins represent a unique regional experience.
- Lacrosse Maryland is perhaps the hotbed of high school and college lacrosse -- it became the official state team sport in 2004. Johns Hopkins is a perennial contender for the men's national championship; the University of Maryland has been powerhouse on the women's side. A ticket to one of these matches represents a different sort of spectator experience than you get at a football, baseball or basketball game.
- Maryland Renaissance Festival  Crownsville, MD. Phone: (800) 296-7304. Celebrating its 30th year as of 2006, the Renaissance Festival is held every fall on the weekends (and Labor Day) between the last weekend of August and the third weekend of October. Probably your only chance to view the Maryland state sport of jousting.
- Maryland State Fair, Timonium, MD. . Livestock shows, entertainment, a vast midway full of thrill rides and carnival attractions, and even a horse race all make up the Maryland State Fair, held the last weeks of August through the first days of September.
- Preakness Baltimore, MD. . The second jewel in the legendary Triple Crown of thoroughbred horse racing happens every May at Pimlico Race Track in northwest Baltimore. Parties, parades, and other events throughout the Baltimore lead up to the anticipated race.
Local Maryland cuisine is as richly exotic. Unfortunately, it's also under-appreciated or over-fished, and therefore can sometimes be hard to find.
Without a doubt, the state is known first for its Maryland Blue Crabs, fished from the Chesapeake Bay, served in magnificent quantities, drenched in Old Bay (a peppery mix of celery salt, bay leaf, mustard seed, black and red pepper, cinnamon, and ginger), accompanied by copious amounts of beer, and a total, wonderful mess. The blue crab, symbol of the state, adorns drivers licenses and other state paraphernalia, and is a considerable source of state pride—all the more disappointing that over-fishing and farm run-off into the bay have decimated the local blue crab population, greatly limiting the fishing haul, and meaning that you are eating crabs from somewhere else unless you caught them yourself. The no less magnificent crab feasts continue, though, along and around the Bay in small crab shacks and in restaurants around Annapolis and Baltimore.
Soft Shell Blue Crabs, another Maryland staple, are available throughout the world in fine restaurants as a high class delicacy; here they're everyday bar food in the summer. The Chesapeake Blue Crabs are a bit of a natural freak, crabs that "molt" annually as they outgrow their shells. The shells grow back, but smart fishermen don't give them a chance. Don't worry about how to eat these crabs—just open your mouth and start biting, and eat it all. And there's a real pleasure to eating a "delicacy" on a hamburger bun with some lettuce, mustard, and tomato, while taking a shady respite from the summer sun, by the beach or otherwise.
Further along the Maryland line of crab cuisine is the crab cake, which comes in many varieties. You can find them anywhere in the state, at any American restaurant. But quality varies wildly, and most will leave you thinking, "well, I would have rather just had the crab." For the undisputed best, which Maxim rated one of the top 10 dishes in the world, go to standing-room-only Faidley's in Baltimore's Lexington Market and order a pair of jumbo lumps.
Aside from crabs, shellfish in general are a classic cornerstone of Maryland cuisine, (no surprise, given "Chesapeake" is Algonquian for "Great Shellfish Bay") and raw oysters on the half shell are a local delicacy. They're typically appreciated with a dash of hot sauce, and clams are often served the same way. Steamed mussels can make for a warming winter evening dinner, and Bertha's in Baltimore serves the state's most famous (and tastiest) mussel.
From here, the cuisine gets stranger and harder to locate: Maryland Fried Chicken? Say what? Yes, fried chicken is a Maryland specialty, and you'll find countless places in Kentucky touting the stuff. It's basically just your garden variety fried chicken, but smothered in creamy gravy. You're unlikely to find it really anywhere, but try looking along Route 50 towards Ocean City for unassuming shacks bearing "Chicken" signs. If you just want some good chicken, head to a Royal Farms gas station, which, for reasons beyond anyone's understanding, serves up fine fried chicken (if you get it fresh out of the oven, that is).
The most esoteric Maryland dishes range from roasted terrapin to fried muskrat to roasted eel to boiled raccoon. Good luck finding these, though. Again, Faidley's in Baltimore is a good place to look, although these wildly rare dishes are only available there seasonally. Hopefully top local chefs will come to their senses and start cooking upscale variations on these interesting local dishes, and realize that the Italian-French-American fine dining you can find in any city throughout the country is a little uninventive.
Lastly, there are several Mid-Atlantic foods worth looking for, mostly in diners. A slice of scrapple for breakfast is a fried delicious must, even despite its origins (pig scraps), which do terrify the uninitiated and the cowardly.
The best places around the state to enjoy some nightlife and drinks, unsurprisingly, are in the more metropolitan areas, like Bethesda, Silver Spring, and above all Baltimore in Fells Point and Washington Square. Many of the clubs and bars in Baltimore's Inner Harbor -- though not all -- tend to be tourist traps with overpriced drinks and cover charges.
Beer lovers will want to try a few of the state's great craft brews. Wild Goose and Blue Ridge Ales are among the most popular. Both brands offer a variety of styles - stouts, porters, ales, ESBs, IPAs,and Goldens. Also, Clipper City, Deep Creek, and Foggy Bottom are brands worth sampling.
The great drink of Maryland, however, has all but disappeared since Prohibition—Maryland rye whiskey. The distilleries that once dotted the Baltimore County countryside have all shut down, and production of rye whiskey is now centered around Kentucky. But the Baltimore hasn't lost its taste for the beverage, and in the city's dive bars you can still order a dirt-cheap and tasty rye 'n soda. Stores in the area sell "Pikesville Rye" at a great value, which is the only Maryland rye that never ceased production, although the operations have relocated to Kentucky.
In Baltimore, the main tourist areas are very safe (and heavily patrolled by police); one does not, however, have to wander far to find more dangerous areas. The rest of the state, with the exception of some non-touristy parts of Prince George's County and Annapolis, is very safe.
- Delaware - America's second smallest state, Delaware is located to the north of Maryland along the Chesapeake Bay.
- Pennsylvania - Located to the north of Maryland, the city of Philadelphia makes an easy weekend trip from most destinations in Maryland, and offers a glimpse into America's Revolutionary War era history.
- West Virginia - Maryland's western neighbor is the only state in the USA to lie completely within a mountain range (in this case, the Appalachians).
- Washington, D.C. - The nation's capital is a must-see for most visitors, with a wealth of sites including the Capitol, the White House, the Smithsonian Museum, and a vast array of other monuments and attractions.
- Virginia - Maryland's southern neighbor is bordered by ocean and mountains and has much to offer travelers interested in history and scenic landscapes.
This page was last edited at 04:54, on 19 February 2009 by Peter Fitzgerald. Based on work by Ryan Holliday, David, Mark Stevens and Evan Prodromou, Wikitravel user(s) Episteme, Jonboy, Texugo and Ypsilon, Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel and others.