The Eastern Cape province includes the former "homelands" of Transkei and Ciskei. With a long coastline on the Indian Ocean it offers great beaches as well as several very interesting National Parks. Its population is mainly Xhosa-speaking and the province is home to several of South Africa`s most important persons in the fight against Apartheid (e.g. Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki, Steve Biko and Oliver Tambo). It's still a poor province especially in the former homelands but beautiful and not so touristy.
- Karoo Heartland - The inland region bordering onto the Western Cape and rest of the Karoo in the Northern Cape.
- Settler Country - The inland region bordering onto the Free State and Lesotho.
- Wild Coast - The coastal region between KwaZulu-Natal in the north and East London in the south.
- Sunshine Coast - The coastal region between East London in the north and St Francis in the south.
- Portion of the Garden Route - The coastal region from St Francis in the east to the Western Cape in the west.
- Bhisho - The capital of the Eastern Cape
- Port Elizabeth - the largest city in the province is connected to the rest of the country by flights, motorways and rail.
- East London - the second largest city is accessible by plane, car and train and is the starting point for traveling to the former Transkei and Wild Coast.
- Grahamstown - heart of the Settler Country offering traditional atmosphere.
- Mthatha (formerly called Umtata) - the main city in the former Transkei.
- Graaff-Reinet - the capital of the Karoo desert and a national heritage site.
- Addo Elephant National Park At least 400 elephants all sizes, great accommodation, book through parks Board, 30 mins by car from Port Elizabeth
- Cambdeboo National Park
- Mountain Zebra National Park
- Tsitsikamma National Park (Book through the Parks Board) phone: +27 (0)21 423 8005. Wonderful coastal scenery with great hikes and walks, nice accommodation, between Plettenberg Bay and Humansdorp including the famous Otter Trail.
Other nature reserves
- Baviaanskloof Mega-Reserve, 
- Commando Drift Nature Reserve, 60 km east from Cradock, .
- Dwesa and Cwebe Nature Reserve, dutywa, . Two small reserves separated by the Mbashe River, next to the Indian Ocean near Elliotdale.
Private game reserves
- Kragga Kamma Game Park, .
- Seaview Game & Lion Park, ☎ +27 (0)42 378-1702, .
- Schotia Safaris Game Reserve, ☎ +27 (0)42 235-1436, . Huge stock of game with free roaming lions. One gets the safari feeling here without paying through the nose.Prices, a game drive, meal and drink R600pp or staying overnight, with evening and morning drive, meals and drinks for R1200pp..
- Shamwari Game Reserve, ☎ +27 (0)42 203-1111, . The most well-known and luxurious of the private game reserves in the Eastern Cape.
The main motorway in the province is the N2. It runs along the coast from Cape Town via the Garden Route, Port Elizabeth, the Transkei and further through KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga. The road condition is mainly excellent except in the Transkei (Do not travel the Transkei portion of the N2 at night as the potholes can be deep and there are often stray animals ie cows and goats wandering around).
From Cape Town
From Gauteng, Free State, Limpopo and Mpumalanga
Follow the N1 toll road south until Colesberg, then follow the N9 from there towards Graaff-Reinet and George or follow first the N9 and then the N10 towards Port Elizabeth. Avoid driving the N9 and N10 at night as game often wander onto the road at night and accidents are not uncommon. A full grown kudu or other large antelope and cause some severe damage to you and your vehicle.
- Major roadworks (with single direction traffic diversions) 2 km south of Cradock on the N10 may cause a delay of up to 30minutes.
- Major roadworks about 20 km south of Port Elizabeth on the N2. Northbound traffic is restricted to one lane for about 10 km while southbound traffic is diverted via to old regional road. Does not generally cause severe delays (maybe 10 minutes extra traveling time), but may be a problem over long weekends or other public holiday periods.
- Note that you will probably be stopped at a veterinary roadblock (these roadblocks are clearly signposted and manned by both the veterinary service and police) on leaving the province. There is a problem with some swine disease in the province and you are not allowed to take any pork products out of the province. You will be asked if you have any such products in your possession at the roadblock.
Spoornet operates regular trains from Johannesburg to both Port Elizabeth and East London. There is also a once-weekly service from Cape Town to East London, a daily service between Grahamstown and Alicedale and a weekend-only service between East London and Mthatha (via Amabele).
Definitely the best option if you are more than two as several regions and some of the National Parks aren't accessible by public transport. Road Conditions are mainly good but get informed before you start. Car rental is available in larger cities and along the popular resorts of the Garden Route.
Be careful of wild animals, especially monkeys, on the road. Be especially careful if driving at night.
Minibus services are available for local transport between neighbouring towns (and also on several longer distances).
With the limited range of railways this isn't really a viable option for touring the province. However, the route from Grahamstown to Alicedale is very scenic and well worth doing. The newly-opened line from East London to Mthatha also traverses some dramatic scenery through the Wild Coast.
- Port Elizabeth: the provincial capital and major transportation hub
- East London: Gateway to the Wild Coast
- Grahamstown: University town with a colonial English atmosphere
- Graaff-Reinet: a national heritage site and the classical example of an inland town.
- Wild Coast: spectacular scenery and only a few tourists make this an out-off-the-beaten track destination
- Morgan's Bay: Seaside village with magnificent cliffs that plunge into the sea.
- Kei mouth: Southern gateway to the Wild Coast via one of South Africa's two remain pontoon car ferries.
- Tsitsikamma National Park: not as spectacular as some of the other National Parks it offers superb coastlines, whale watching and excellent hiking.
- Addo Elephant National Park: famous for the elephants this park is after the unification with Zuurberg NP one of South Africa`s largest. Also has lion.
- Mountain Zebra National Park - small, but only very few people there. See the endangered Mountain Zebras.
- Visit the bustling cities of Port Elizabeth and East London
- From there, head to the Wild Coast
- Do the National Park loop with Tsitsikamma National Park, this and Addo is a must Addo Elephant National Park and Mountain Zebra National Park and go to Graaff-Reinet for classical Karoo atmosphere (and the Karoo National Park)
- Tiffendell, southern Drakensberg, ☎ +27 (0)45 974-9004/5. [South Africa]] is not well known as a ski destination, but if you do find yourself in South Africa during winter and would like to ski.
- Rock Climbing
- When in Jeffreys Bay or Paradise Beach, try the beach restaurants near Marina Martinque called Tapas - cheap or the Whale Skipper slightly more expensive. Wherever try the calamari.
- St Francis - go out to the port and have Cajun Calamari at the Porthole for lunch, sit in the sun, enjoy the food and watch the fishermen at work. What a pleasure
Accommodation is a little bit more limited inland, but there will always be an option.
This page was last edited at 08:41, on 28 March 2009 by Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel. Based on work by Gareth, David, Babbelas, Nick Roux, Paul Kilfoil, Sean Price, David Malherbe and Felix Gottwald, Wikitravel user(s) Greenman, Morph and Chrisboote, Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel and others.