Buffalo (New York)
Buffalo is New York state's second-largest city with a metropolitan area population of nearly 1,200,000. Buffalo is the cultural and economic center of the Western New York region. Once a bustling industrial center, Buffalo now serves as home to renowned art galleries, diverse entertainment, world-famous architecture and internationally recognized universities.
The city is increasingly becoming known as one of America's most hospitable cities after being awarded the titles of third cleanest city, USA Today's "City with a Heart", and winning the "All-America City Award" twice. Recently Buffalo was named one of the Dozen Distinctive Destinations for 2009 by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, along with being honored as one of the 44 Places to Visit in 2009 by the New York Times.
Buffalo, although most famous for its winters, has four very pronounced seasons.
In winter, the city can get "lake effect" snow: the winds running the length of Lake Erie pick up a lot of water vapor, which is dumped as snow as soon as they reach land. Contrary to popular myth, however, Buffalo is not the coldest or snowiest city in the country- or even in New York. The Buffalo airport averages 93 inches of snow per winter. On average Buffalo only has 3 days per year where the recorded temperature dips below 0ºF. Buffalo's snowy reputation is based in large part on some of its most famous storms: The Blizzard of '77, and the Surprise Storm of '06, both which received a lot of media coverage; however, neither is a normal occurrence in the average Buffalo winter.
Spring in Buffalo is rainy and cool up through the end of April. The temperatures can fluctuate wildly in March and April. It is not unusual to see snow one day, and a temperature in the mid-60's the next.
Summer tends to be very comfortable and sunny. The moderating effects of Lake Erie have allowed Buffalo to be one of very few places in the US to have never had the temperature reach 100ºF. Most summer days are in the 70-80's with evenings in the comfortable mid 60's. On average Buffalo has 60 days a year with temperatures reaching over 80 degrees. Buffalo has more sunny summer days than any other major city in the northeast.
Fall in Buffalo is warm and beautiful as well. The temperature usually stays warm enough through mid November, and one can watch the trees change colors in comfort. The days are warm, the nights are cool, and Buffalo's first frost doesn't usually come until after well after Halloween. Leaf hunters will be pleased with the number of trees (Buffalo is also one of the most tree-filled cities in the nation!) as well as in the surrounding areas.
The first purpose-built, permanent Motion Picture Theater in the world, The Vitascope Theater, was opened in Buffalo on October 19, 1896 by Mitchel and Moe Mark. The Mark brothers went on to build the world's first Movie Palace, The Mark-Strand Theater, in New York City in 1914.
Thomas Edison sent camera crews to Buffalo in 1896, making it one of the first cities in America to appear in "The Movies." Edison also had the Pan-American Exposition filmed in 1902.
More than 100 films have been made in Buffalo and the surrounding area over the last century including:
- The Natural (Directed by Barry Levinson, 1984). Robert Redford and Glenn Close star in Bernard Malmud's baseball fantasy about Roy Hobbs, a mysterious baseball player, who appears out of nowhere to turn around the fortunes of a 1930's team.
- Best Friends (Directed by Norman Jewison, 1982) Bert Reynolds and Goldie Hawn play a couple whose lives turn upside-down when -- after years of living and working together -- they decide to get married.
- Hide in Plain Sight (Directed by Leslie Waller, 1980) Based on a true story. A working-class husband (James Caan) tries to tracks down his wife and children who are hidden away by a witness protection program.
There is an embryonic film industry in the area which is beginning to produce some quality independent features.
in 2003, The Buffalo International Film Festival (The Buffalo Film Festival ) was formed to bring a high quality focus to the relationship between the region and the international film community. It presents programming year round through The Buffalo Film Society.
The Buffalo Niagara International Airport serves Buffalo, New York as well as Southwest Ontario, Canada. Averaging approximately 110 daily flights, it offers nonstop service to 18 cities. Airline carriers at the Buffalo Niagara International Airport include AirTran Airways, American Airlines, Continental, Delta, JetBlue, Northwest, Southwest, United and US Airways and its affiliates. For travellers headed to Toronto and the surrounding areas, they will find much cheaper prices for US-domestic flights to Buffalo; Megabus  runs routes from the airport to Niagara Falls and Toronto.
Buffalo Airport Cab 716-633-8294 
Liberty Cab 716-877-7111 
The Thruway (I-90) runs east to west and connects Buffalo to other major cities - New York, Rochester, Syracuse and Albany to the east and Cleveland, Ohio and Erie, Pennsylvania to the west. I-190 runs north and south, mostly along the Niagara River and connects Niagara Falls and Buffalo. I-290 connects various suburban areas to the north and northeast of the city.I-990 connects Lockport to the rest of the thruway system and the city.
If coming from Ontario, take the QEW; the border crossing into Buffalo is located at the end of the QEW in Fort Erie. Other bridge crossing options include the Rainbow Bridge in Niagara Falls, along with the Queenston-Lewiston Bridge in Lewiston, NY.
Buffalo is accessible from the east and west by Amtrak trains. There are stops at Depew, NY, in the suburbs east of the city and a stop at Exchange Street in downtown Buffalo, NY. Exchange Street Station 
Depew is serviced by car, taxi, bus. The Exchange Street stop is downtown. Be sure to check  for more station information.
Also reference  for additional information regarding bus and local rail service in Buffalo.
Buffalo is also serviced directly by Greyhound buses. The city has a large bus depot in the heart of downtown. Greyhound Buses, 181 Ellicott St., ☎ (716) 855-7533, .
Megabus  provides service from New York City, Syracuse, Rochester and Toronto; fares start at $1 when ordered far enough in advance. Buses arrive and depart at gate 13 in the Metropolitan Transportation Center, located at the corner of Ellicott Street and North Division Street in downtown Buffalo. There is a second stop at Buffalo Niagara International Airport, in the bus lane on the east side of the terminal on the arrivals level.
By Public Transportation
Buffalo's public transportation system is operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) . They run both a single line subway from the University at Buffalo's Main St. Campus on the North end to Erie Canal Harbor on the south end of downtown Buffalo as well as an extensive Bus network. As the subway enters the downtown core, the Theater district, it emerges from the tunnel and runs above ground. It is free to ride from this point south. To ride in the underground portion of the system it costs $3.50 for a round-trip ticket, or $1.75 for a one way ticket. It is a popular mode of transportation for employees and residents who live along the line and north of the city to commute Downtown.
The bus and overall regional transportation system of the region is focused around three nodes, Downtown Buffalo, University Station on the University at Buffalo's South Campus and Niagara Falls. Downtown Buffalo is the largest of the three nodes and the University station second. An important note about the system is that any user can transfer for free between bus routes and the rail line as long as the Route intersects the rail line. This makes the rail line a strong backbone of the overall system considering most of the bus routes originate from either the Downtown Transportation Center (Near Church station) or at University Station at the opposite end of the line. Bus to bus transfers cost 30 cents.
The NFTA also has a Zone system in place; this means that anyone traveling outside from Zone 1, roughly the City of Buffalo proper, will have to pay a zone charge (also 30 cents) when exiting the bus. When traveling from outside of the city back Buffalo you pay the zone charge when boarding the bus. This difference often causes confusion among new users. There are a total of four zones within the system but most amenities or destinations around the region are accessible within the city and Zone 2, roughly the first ring suburbs.
To Niagara Falls
For those who want to visit Niagara Falls from Buffalo there is a direct Bus route between the two cities. Route 40 - Grand Island  services this link between the two cities. You can catch the 40 from the Downtown Buffalo Transportation Center at the intersection of Elm and North Division Streets. This is just two blocks east of the Church Street Rail Station. The Bus will drive straight to Downtown Niagara Falls and then continue on to the Niagara Falls Transportation Center. The cost of this 26 mile trip is $4.50 round trip, or $2.25 each way.
To see other routes visit the NFTA's main webpage where schedules, maps and other information can be found. also note there is a whole system map available: .
Buffalo has several expressways leading in and out of the city, the main being the Kensington Expressway (33) which begins at the airport on Genesee Street and concludes at Downtown Buffalo via Oak and Goodell Street (depending on the direction of travel). Taxi service is available in urban areas, although it is limited. Do not expect to be able to hail a cab except outside the airport and in the bar districts. However, good dispatch is available.
- Albright-Knox Art Gallery, 1285 Elmwood Avenue, +1 716 882-8700 (Fax +1 716 882-1958), . W-Su 10AM-5PM (F until 10PM). An amazing gallery that's free on Friday nights (otherwise Adults $10, seniors/students $8).
- Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site, 641 Delaware Avenue, Phone: +1 716 884-0095 (Fax +1 716 884-0330), . Year-round M-F 9AM-5PM, Sa Su noon-5PM. Lectures, exhibits, tours, gardens. Adm. Adults $5, age 62+ and students $3, ages 6-14 $1.
- Buffalo Museum of Science, 1020 Humboldt Parkway, +1 716 896-5200, +1 866-291-6660, . M-Sa 10AM-5PM. Adults $7, ages 3-18 $5.
- Buffalo and Erie County Naval and Military Park, One Naval Park Cove, +1 716847-1773, . Apr-Oct Daily 10AM-5PM. Nov Sa Su and the F after Thanksgiving 10AM-4PM. $8, seniors and ages 6-16 $5.
- There are two amusement parks (each a bit of a trip from Buffalo).
- Martin's Fantasy Island, on Grand Island (halfway to the Falls), a small amusement park reminiscent of the originals. This is good for a cheap day out with small kids.
- Larger kids and adults alike will enjoy Darien Lake , which is a short drive east on the New York State Thruway (I-90, toll road). They have a lot of roller coasters, other smaller-thrill rides, and a good water park.
- Architecture is a wide attraction in Buffalo, with buildings from almost every decade of the city's existence still preserved. Especially prominent is the historic Allentown District, located downtown, various Victorian mansions and other large, old mansions located on Delaware Avenue in what is known as "Millionaire's Row" and the neighborhoods adjacent to its southern edge. There also is the Darwin Martin house, designed by renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright in the early 20th century.
- Delaware Park, part of the extended Olmsted Park system, is a large recreational park offering breathtaking views throughout the various seasons. Delaware Park is a popular location for running, golf, tennis, basketball and for the spectacular Hoyt Lake at its center. The renowned Shakespeare in Delaware Park outdoor festival, , takes place here each summer.
- Burchfield Penney Art Center, 1300 Elmwood Ave, ☎ (716) 878-6011, . The Burchfield-Penney Art Center is a museum dedicated to the art and culture of Western New York, including the world's largest collection of works by Charles E. Burchfield. Exhibitions and programs include art and design from the Buffalo Niagara region, historic and contemporary. After almost ten years of planning, fundraising and construction, the new Burchfield Penney Art Center opened to the public on November 22, 2008.
- Buffalo Sabres, HSBC Arena, One Seymour H. Knox III Plaza, +1 716 855-4100 or +1 888-GO-SABRES . Members of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- Buffalo Bills . Ralph C. Wilson Stadium, One Bills Drive, Orchard Park, NY. Members of the National Football League (NFL).
- Buffalo Bisons  Coca-Cola Field, downtown. Seats are usually available and cheap, and provide a great view of downtown. The Buffalo Bisons is part of the farm system for the New York Mets and is a great place to see up and coming talent before it makes the big leagues. Coca-Cola Field is a "new classic" ballpark, built in the 1980s by HOK, the renowned firm that went on to build Camden Yards in Baltimore.
- Buffalo Bandits  HSBC Arena. Buffalo major indoor lacrosse team (NLL). Plays games from December through April. Games are affordable and family priced.
- Buffalo Silverbacks  Buffalo's ABA minor league basketball team, which plays at the Buffalo State College sports arena.
- Tifft Nature Preserve, Ohio St. A 264-acre site for environmental education and conservation. Just 3 miles from downtown, operated by the Museum of Science, the Preserve features five miles of hiking trails, and a 75-acre freshwater cattail marsh. Donation.
- Buffalo Zoo . One of the first zoos in America, the Buffalo Zoo houses many kinds of animals on a small lot. Elephants, bears, otters, sea lions, and hyenas are just some of the creatures on display. Some of the animals, such as a resident peacock, are allowed to roam freely on the walkways, allowing you to get closer to nature than you would in most zoos. Children are $5.00 and adults are $8.50.
Buffalo is home to a large number of private and public colleges and universities. The largest school in the area is the University at Buffalo  (UB), part of the State University of New York system, which is renowned as a large public research University. Due to this, it is one of 62 elected members of the prestigious Association of American Universities. UB has two campuses: one to the north in Amherst, and the other on the northern border of the city. Buffalo State College  is located right on the Elmwood Strip across from the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Canisius  is also located in the city of Buffalo near the intersection of Humboldt Parkway and Main St. Other colleges in the city include: Trocaire, Erie Community College, Medaille, and D'Youville.
The University at Buffalo has an annual speakers series  which has played host to Bill Clinton, Al Gore, Michael Moore and the Dalai Lama in recent years. These events are open to the public; tickets are available from the University's box office. UB has a free series of summer lectures available to the public  and Buffalo State regularly has events  open to visitors .
The Elmwood district  is located along the southern portion of Elmwood Avenue. This area contains a variety of small shops with a very 'independent' feel - you won't find national chain stores here. Used books, specialty coffee, one of a kind fashions, organic and local produce, artists' studios, and musical instrument shops line this commercial and residential district. Bidwell Park where it meets Elmwood Avenue hosts a farmers' market on Saturday Mornings from Memorial Day to Labor Day.
The Hertel Avenue district, located along Hertel Avenue between Delaware Avenue and Parker Avenue in North Buffalo is home to a wide assortment of shops as well. Art stores, used bookstores, as well as eccentric independent stores like 'Terrapin Station' dot the street that has seen a resurgence as in recent years. Hertel is quickly becoming the new "in" strip in Buffalo.
The Allen Street district can in some ways be considered an extension of the Elmwood strip; however, it has a unique life of its own. Amidst the myriad of bars, you'll see bookstores, studios, and even antiques along this well traveled downtown strip.
Main Street in the University Heights district is not known for its shopping as much as its bars, but there are worthy places along this strip. The corner of Kenmore Ave. and Main St. has a more suburban strip-mall style appearance along with some more mainstream retailers like AJ Wright and Starbucks. Main Street has its share of video, specialty, comic, and other second hand stores worth a look as well.
Visitors looking for a more mainstream shopping experience should check out the Walden Galleria  in Cheektowaga (10 minutes from downtown). The Walden Galleria, being the region's largest mall, has added 60 new stores and services to their original 200+. New stores include Bebe, Lucky, Sephora, Coach and other high end retailers. New restaurants include Bar Louie, the Cheesecake Factory, the Melting Pot, Hyde Park Steakhouse and more. The smaller Boulevard Mall  on Niagara Falls Boulevard at Maple Road in Amherst is about 20 minutes from the city as well. The Boulevard Mall is located along one of the area's busiest shopping corridors, where big box retailers like Target, Best Buy, and Home Depot dot the landscape.
Much to the surprise of visitors, Buffalo is a haven for great food.
Authentic Buffalo Wings
- Anchor Bar, 1046 Main Street, . Birthplace of the original buffalo wings. Still has great wings, pizza, etc.
- Duff's Famous Wings, 3651 Sheridan Drive, Amherst. 716-834-6234. Anchor Bar invented them, and according to some, Duff's perfected them.
- Bacchus Wine Bar, 54 W. Chippewa St., ☎ 716-854-9463. The wine here is top notch, but so is the eclectic and unique menu. $20-30.
- Pearl Street Grill & Brewery, 76 pearl Street, ☎ 716-856-2337. Free Wireless internet, belt driven fans, three patios, and a great bar and game room on the third floor. They brew their own beer in house, and their pulled pork is the best in the city. This place is very busy on nights the Buffalo Sabres , the city's professional hockey team is playing at nearby HSBC arena. $10-20.
- Hutch's, 1375 Delaware Ave, ☎ 716-885-0074. One of the best known city restaurants. The Jumbalaya is great, as is the Stuffed Poblano Pepper, which has been a "special" for years.$20-30.
- Left Bank, 511 Rhode Island St., ☎ 716-882-3509. Another top restaurant in downtown. Like Hutch's getting a weekend reservation can prove difficult. Sunday brunch is typically booked two weeks out.$20-30.
- Prime 490, 490 Rhode Island St., ☎ 716-882-3328. Newer restaurant, but some of the best food in Buffalo. The steaks are incredible and the sides range from Salt and Vinegar Mashed Potatoes to Lobster Mac n Cheese. $20-30.
- Chop House, 297 Franklin St, ☎ 716-842-6900. Constantly busy. A favorite among business travelers. Not cheap, but the food and service is top notch. 80-90.
- Allen Street Hardware Cafe, 245 Allen St., ☎ 716-882-8843. Great small place with good seasonal menu and stellar beer and wine selection.$10-20.
- Fat Bob's Smokehouse, 41 Virginia Place, ☎ 716-887-2971(FB@FatBobs.Com, fax: 716-332-1201). Open for lunch and dinner 7 days a week. Generous helpings of slow cooked southern comfort food. A carnivore's paradise of St. Louis pork ribs, pulled pork, beef brisket, barbecued chicken, catfish & more. Sinful sides include collard greens, cornbread, creamy mashed potatoes, baked beans, sausage gravy, and mac & cheese. Come hungry. Decent selection of domestic and imported beers.Mains $10-20.
- Ambrosia, 467 Elmwood, ☎ 881-2196. Greek Diner with reasonable prices and a slightly more upscale Mediterranean menu at night.$10-20.
- Cecilia's, 716 Elmwood Ave., ☎ 716-883-8066. Italian food and martinis. In the heart of Elmwood District. Summers are wonderful, as the patio is typically jammed. $20-30.
- Amy's Place, 3234 Main St., ☎ 716-832-6666. 6am-8pm. The best vegetarian/vegan in Buffalo hands down. It has a very eclectic menu featuring some particularly fabulous Lebanese food. Also, if you're an early bird they have the best 99 cent breakfast anywhere in the city.Under $10.
Bars and nightclubs in Buffalo can stay open until 4am. Many bars in Buffalo don't get going until sometime after midnight on weekends. There are a lot of strips and bars to choose from in Buffalo.
Downtown the most established nightlife scene is along W. Chippewa Street
- 67 West, 67 West Chippewa, ☎ (716) 842-0281.
- Crocodile Bar, 88 West Chippewa, ☎ (716) 853-CROC.
- La Luna, 52 West Chippewa, ☎ (716) 855-2220. Latin dance club
Soho, 64 West Chippewa, ☎ (716) 856-SOHO.
- Third Room, 54 West Chippewa, ☎ (716) 842-2787.
- Bada Bing, 115 West Chippewa., ☎ (716)853-BING, . till 4AM. Full service restaurant by night and lights down music up nightclub on the weekends. Boasting one of the best DJ's on the strip Friday and Saturday nights
There are also some great places just off the main strip, but within walking distance of Chippewa.
- Skybar, 257 Franklin Street. Trendy rooftop dance club open during summer months
- Laughlin's, 333 Franklin Street, ☎ (716) 842-6700, .
- Tudor Lounge, 335 Franklin Street, ☎ (716) 885-9643. Karaoke on Friday nights, live bands throughout the week
Buckin' Buffalo Saloon, 294 Franklin Street, ☎ (716) 853-4400, . Popular Country club, and yes it also has a Buffalo you can ride.
- Club Marcella, 622 Main St., . Drag Shows on weekends
Allen Street Hardware Cafe
Colter Bay Grill
Mulligan's Brick Bar
The Old Pink n/k/a Two Two Three Allen
Spirits of Allentown Wine Bar
- Coles, 1104 Elmwood Ave, ☎ (716) 886-1449. A Buffalo staple. One of the oldest bars in Buffalo. It's busy just about every night. The crowd is a consistent mix of professionals and college students. Great food, and a large beer list, although it can become unreasonably tightly packed on Friday and Saturday night. High concentration of fratboys and harlots when nearby Buffalo State College is in session; the crowd becomes much more civilized during the summer months when school's out.
- Sidebar, 1459 Hertel Ave., ☎ (716) 835-1995. Chill bar, live piano/jazz some nights
- Gecko's, 1464 Hertel Ave.. Serves hot dogs well into the night
- Shadow Lounge, 1504 Hertel Ave., ☎ (716) 835-3975, . Relaxed atmosphere, good martini list
- Empire Grill, 1435 Hertel Ave, ☎ (716) 446-0700.
Downtown Buffalo offers many unique and affordable accommodations located within walking distance of many of the city's major attractions.
In the suburbs
Many of the budget motels are located just outside the city in one of the suburbs. Comfort Inn University, 1 Flint Rd, (716) 688-0811, 
- Microtel Inn & Suites Tonawanda, 50 Freeman Road, +1 716 633-6200, .
- Red Roof Inn, Buffalo Amherst, 42 Flint Road, +1 716 689-7474 (Fax +1 716 689-2051), .
- Residence Inn Buffalo Amherst, 100 Maple Road, +1 716 632-6622 (Fax +1 716 632-5247), .
- Residence Inn Buffalo Cheektowaga, 107 Anderson Road, +1 716 892-5410 (Fax +1 716 892-5409), .
Sleep Inn Buffalo Amherst, 75 InnKeepers Lane, (716) 691-6510 or 800-424-6423. 
- Salvatore's Garden Place Hotel & Conference Center ( Buffalo Airport) 1-800-GARDEN-1 www.gardenplacehotel.net
- Hostelling International Buffalo-Niagara, 667 Main St, ☎ +1 716 852-5222, . Located downtown at the Theater trolley stop, it's one of the cleanest, friendliest, most secure hostels you'll find anywhere. In 2007, it was ranked #3 in the country.
- Courtyard Buffalo Amherst, 4100 Sheridan Drive, +1 716 626-2300 (Fax +1 716 626-2322), .
- Holiday Inn, 620 Delaware Avenue, +1 716 886-2121, .
- Richmond Place Inn Buffalo, NY 45 Richmond Avenue +1 716 881-3242 bed and breakfast .
- Hyatt Regency Downtown Buffalo, 2 Fountain Plaza, ☎ +1 716 856-1234, . Connected to Buffalo Convention Center.
- Mansion On Delaware Avenue, 414 Delaware Av., +1 716 886-3300. Great place for a romantic getaway.
Buffalo's East Side has a reputation as being a fairly rough place. This is the city's poorest residential district, and the blighted houses and emerging urban prairie does little to dispel the notion that this is a bad part of town. For the most part, this is a working class part of town full of lower to lower-middle class working families. It's good advice not to walk the streets alone at night around Bailey Ave. or Fillmore Ave. east of Main St.
Buffalo is fortunate to not have much of a vagrant problem. Walking some of the busier city strips such as Elmwood and Allentown you may find the occasional person asking you for change.
- Lake Erie Tour Route and Lighthouses. Go back to the mainland and see the shoreline. The drive (or boat ride) around Lake Erie takes you through the working waterfronts around Buffalo, Cleveland, OH, Detroit, MI, Erie, PA, Toledo, OH, and southern Ontario and is intermingled with beautiful preservations of flora and fauna as well as the history of North America's first westward expansion, the Old Northwest Territory.
- Rochester, NY is a short hour and a half drive away down I-90.
- Genesee Country Village, 1410 Flint Hill Rd. Mumford, NY, ☎ (585) 538-6822, . See the 19th century come alive in an accurate restored community. Employees don't just tell the history, but they work as townspeople performing various 19th century jobs around the community.$14 adults/ $8 kids.
- Niagara Falls, NY One of the wonders of the world and a great honeymoon spot, a short 30 minute drive up I-190. Lots of small museums and tourist attractions located just across the border in Niagara Falls (Ontario).
- Ellicottville, NY The winter season in Buffalo is perfect for skiing. Just an hour south of the city, Ellicottville has 52 slopes, a quaint main street as well as a ton of great bed and breakfasts.
- Lockport Lockport is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States. The population was 22,279 at the 2000 census. The name is derived from a set of Erie canal locks within the city. Lockport is the county seat of Niagara County and is surrounded by the Town of Lockport.
This page was last edited at 00:22, on 26 March 2009 by Wikitravel user Eco84. Based on work by Peter Fitzgerald, Wikitravel user(s) ViMy, LtPowers, Buffalocvb, Texugo and Edmontonenthusiast, Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel and others.