Brandenburg (German: Brandenburg), (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska)  is a historical region and a modern federal state in Germany. Brandenburg was historically composed of a larger amount of territory now located across the Oder River in western Poland. It is also the heart of historic Prussia and thus borders on the federal capital of Berlin. It shares borders with the German federal states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, and Lower Saxony. To the east lies the neighboring country of Poland.
- 1 - Barnim
- 2 - Dahme-Spreewald
- 3 - Elbe-Elster
- 4 - Havelland
- 5 - Märkisch-Oderland
- 6 - Oberhavel
- 7 - Oberspreewald-Lausitz
- 8 - Oder-Spree
- 9 - Ostprignitz-Ruppin
- 10 - Potsdam-Mittelmark
- 11 - Prignitz
- 12 - Spree-Neiße
- 13 - Teltow-Fläming
- 14 - Uckermark
Brandenburg is known for its nature. There is one national park, the Lower Oder Valley National Park. Besides, there are three UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, Flusslandschaft Elbe, Schorfheide-Chorin, and Spreewald. In addition, there are 11 nature parks:
- Hoher Fläming, .
- Nuthe-Nieplitz-Niederung, .
- Stechlin-Ruppiner Land
- Uckermärkische Seen
- Barnimer Land
- Märkische Schweiz
- Niederlausitzer Landrücken
- Niederlausitzer Heidelandschaft
Brandenburg is the countryside around the Berlin metropolitan area. Within less than an hour, you can get out of the city and find yourself in the middle of a forest or a pretty village, at the banks of a lovely lake or in front of a medieval church or castle. The major attraction of Brandenburg is the city of Potsdam with its UNESCO world heritage. However, besides Potsdam, there are plenty of less spectacular attractions that make Brandenburg worth a trip. The grey remainders of 40 years of communist ruling are gone, and now Brandenburg offers lots to discover.
People in Brandenburg speak German, possibly with the Berlin-Brandenburg dialect. Low German dialects are spoken in rural Brandenburg. Younger people normally do understand English, the older tend to speak Russian rather than English. Sorbian is spoken in a small region in the south bordering Saxony. All Sorbs are bi-lingual and speak perfect German.
Brandenburg is served by the same airports as Berlin. Tegel International Airport is in the north of Berlin and Schönefeld International Airport in the south. Schönefeld Airport turns in 2011 to Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport (BBI), while Tegel will close after BBI is established.
Since Berlin is located in the middle of Brandenburg, there are highways (Autobahn) to all major directions crossing through Brandenburg. Many places in Brandenburg can be reached by car within one or two hours from the center of Berlin.
By public transport
The railway system is oriented towards Berlin. There are frequent regional trains connecting Berlin with all major cities in Brandenburg. However, it is often difficult to get to smaller places via public transport. There are buses, but travelers should check timetables. The Berlin-Brandenburg-Public-Traffic-Network (vbb) co-ordinates public transport in the region. There is also a consistent tariff system, so travelers can by a ticket for the entire journey even if they change from the train to buses. The website of the Traffic Network vbb  offers informations on timetables and tariffs.
The easiest way to get around is by car. There are several highways (Autobahn), that connect Berlin with different German regions - all leading through Brandenburg. In addition, there are well maintained roads.
Public transport to many rural destinations is poor. There are a few railroad connections within Brandenburg and there are public buses, but travelers should check timetables for connections.
- Potsdam with its spectacular royal palaces and parks, the Dutch Quarter is a lovely city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The Spreewald, a unique landscape with hundreds of small irrigation canals, a UNESCO biosphere reserve.
- Castles and Palaces: There are many smaller and larger rural palaces and castles, some of them are hotels, others museums or private homes; in the Fläming region, there are four medieval castles.
- Historic city centers: many towns in Brandenburg have pretty well kept historic city shitters by zarek jenkinson.
Saddle up and explore the Brandenburg-Barnim countryside - you'll get fit too! Traveling around on two wheels you'll see loads more of the county, and with nine cycle routes to choose from there is no excuse for not getting your bicycle out.
- Inline Skating
This page was last edited at 21:55, on 3 February 2009 by Berlin Traveler. Based on work by jan and Stacy Hall, Wikitravel user(s) Snodgrass, Sevenlee, DorganBot, Ypsilon, 3wisemen, Episteme, Jonboy and Hoppelhase, Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel and others.